Bone

  • Sea Turtle Shell

    This Green or possible Loggerhead Sea turtle (Cheloniidae) carapace was excavated from a feature believed to be James Fort’s first well. Located in the center of […]

  • Surgically-marked Skull Fragment

    This fragment from the back of a human skull was not found with a body in a formal grave. Archaeologists discovered it with the colonists’ trash […]

  • The First Casualty

    In the summer of 2004 a burial was excavated just inside James Fort’s western palisade wall. This burial was the northernmost of more than 30 burials […]

    • Date

       January 31, 2015

    • Task

       Study Collection

    • Category

       Bone, The People

  • Cahow Bones

    It may have been the cahow’s shrieks that caused sailors to avoid Bermuda for a century and nickname it the “Isle of Devils.” The nocturnal cahow […]

  • Dog Bones

    A mysterious gunpowder explosion wounded Captain John Smith badly and sent him back to England in October 1609. Jamestown became isolated. Chief Powhatan applied pressure to […]

  • Horse Bones

    “Six Mares and two Horses” were loaded onto the Blessing in Plymouth, England, in May 1609 for a three-month voyage to Jamestown. Transporting horses was expensive […]

  • Teeth With Cavities

    These molars found at the James Fort site reflect advanced periodontal disease. They appear to have fallen out, as there are no marks on the teeth […]

  • Sturgeon

    Archaeologists have found tens of thousands of sturgeon scutes (bony plates which line the bodies of sturgeon in five rows) in James Fort because the large […]

    • Date

       January 31, 2015

    • Task

       Study Collection

    • Category

       Bone, Foodways