Many objects relating to commerce and trade have been recovered from the early contexts of James Fort. Trade with the Virginia Indians included almost anything copper, beads of various materials, and iron tools. Few coins in contemporary use have been found. English coins as well as coinage from Sweden, the Netherlands, Spain, Riga, and Santo Domingo probably represents random losses by gentlemen who hoped to purchase goods from mariners on supply ships sailing into Jamestown. Merchants in the colony’s warehouses used hundreds of jettons — coin-like objects made in Nuremberg, Germany — to keep track of accounts and the movement of goods. The jettons were moved on a gridded counting board denoting units of ones, tens, hundreds, and thousands, thereby simplifying mathematical processes for individuals still reliant on Roman numerals. Large numbers of obsolete and rare monetary objects in the way of Irish coins and English and Dutch tokens have been found in the fort’s pre-1610 contexts. These are considered to be remnants of a fiscal plan for a token currency in the colony that was never enacted.