History Timeline

1565
Spanish establish St. Augustine in what is today Florida.

1587
John White and 150 men, women, and children are sent by Sir Walter Raleigh to plant the Cittie of Raleigh on the Chesapeake Bay but are put ashore at Roanoke Island in what is now North Carolina.

1590
Capt. Christopher Newport brings John White back to Roanoke Island, but they find no sign of “The Lost Colony.”

1602

1603
After the death of Queen Elizabeth I, James VI of Scotland becomes James I upon ascending to the English throne.

1603
Capt. Bartholomew Gilbert voyages to Chesapeake Bay; he and four others go ashore (likely on the Eastern Shore) and are killed by Indians.

1605
Capt. Christopher Newport explores the North American coastline looking for a water route to the Pacific Ocean.

1606
James I issues a charter to the

1606
Capt. Christopher Newport leaves London with the Godspeed, Discovery, and Susan Constant bound for Virginia.

1607
Ships arrive at Cape Comfort. A vanguard boat stops at Kecoughtan where the natives welcome the English.

1607

1607
200 armed Indians attack Jamestown, killing 2 and wounding 11.

1607
Indians continue to harass the settlers.

1607
James Fort

1607
Newport sails for England with the Susan Constant and Godspeed, laden with mineral samples.

1607
Jamestown founder Bartholomew Gosnold

1607
President Edward-Maria Wingfield forcibly replaced by John Ratcliffe.

1607

1607

1608
Smith is released back to Jamestown and there condemned for the deaths of his men. Christopher Newport returns with the “First Supply” of food and about 100 new settlers, and he halts Smith’s execution.

1608
Fire damages James Fort: “such a fire growing rapidly it

1608
Smith takes Newport to meet Powhatan. They

1608
Newport sails for England carrying

1608
Captain John Smith leads 14 men on a five-week exploration of the Chesapeake Bay and the Indians who live on its shores.

1608
Capt. Smith is badly wounded by a

1608
Construction of the

1608
Capt. Smith elected President of the colony; he will soon issue the edict that “he that will not

1608
Newport brings the “Second Supply” with 70 new immigrants, including

1608
In Jamestown's

1608
Newport returns to England carrying with him

1609
Capt. Smith orders the digging of James Fort’s

1609
James I issues the second charter to the Virginia Company, which replaces the Council with a Governor who has absolute control.

1609
The Content

1609
The ships that survived the hurricane arrive at Jamestown with about 300 men, women, and children and few

1609
After Capt. George Percy replaces Capt. John Smith as leader, Smith is badly wounded in a suspicious gunpowder explosion and forced to return to England.

1610
Chief Powhatan has warriors lay siege to James Fort, trapping about 300 settlers inside. Settlers eat horses, snakes, rats, cats,

1610
One of the settlers trapped in James Fort is a

1610
Lt. Governor Thomas Gates, John Rolfe, Sir George Somers,

1610
Gates issues 1st version of

1610
Gates tells settlers to abandon Jamestown. A lot is left behind as the survivors pack onto ships to return to England.

1610
Gates's convoy coming down the James River meets the resupply led by

1610
Lord De La Warr orders the settlers to

1610
English launch

1611
John Rolfe experiments with growing

1611
De La Warr & Gates leave for England. George Percy is in charge of only about 150 settlers, due to continuing problems with

1611
The English capture three men from a Spanish expedition at the mouth of the James; one of them is Don Diego de Molina, who will be held captive in Virginia for five years.

1611
Lt. Governor Thomas Gates returns to Virginia with

1611
Sir Thomas Dale leads 350 men to

1612
King James I renews the charter for the Virginia Company and gives it more self-governance. He also authorizes lotteries to raise money for the venture.

1612
The English colonize

1612
John Rolfe exports the colony's first crop of improved, sweeter

1613
Pocahontas is captured from a

1614
Gates departs Virginia, leaving Dale as Deputy Governor.

1614
John Rolfe and Pocahontas

1615
Pocahontas gives birth to son

1616
John Rolfe lists

1616
John Rolfe, Pocahontas, their son, and a group of attendant Indians depart Virginia for England.

1616
The Virginia Company begins

1617
Pocahontas dies in Gravesend, England, just after beginning the return trip to Virginia with her husband and son. Rolfe returns to Virginia but leaves the son to be raised in England.

1617
Gov. Samuel Argall orders the start of construction of a

1618

1619
George Yeardley brings “The Charter of Grants and Liberties” to form a new government in which white men of property get to pick representatives to make laws for themselves in an assembly meeting at Jamestown.

1619

1619

1619
Ninety women are brought to Virginia to be wives and stabilize the colony with families; the Virginia Company prices them at

1622
A surprise Powhatan Indian attack planned by Powhatan’s brother, Opechancanough, kills 347 colonists, setting off a

1622
The Abigail arrives with no food and an

1623
In Bermuda, the Seaflower on a resupply mission to Jamestown is blown up due to the negligence of the captain's son.

1623
Capt. William Tucker concludes peace negotiations with a Powhatan village by proposing a toast with a drink laced with poison prepared by Dr. John Potts; 200 Powhatans die instantly, and another 50 are killed.

1623
Surveyor William Clayborne lays out the streets of

1623
Arrival of

1624
The Virginia Company loses its charter and Virginia becomes a royal province due to mismanagement of the colony. King James dies, but his son and successor, Charles I, allows Virginians to keep their General Assembly.